Paper 1 – John Berry: “How Shall we all Live Together?”
Abstract: There is probably no more serious challenge to social stability and cohesion in the contemporary world than the management of intercultural relations within culturally plural societies. Successful management depends on many factors including a research-based understanding of the historical, political, economic, religious and psychological features of the groups that are in contact.
The concept of multiculturalism lies at the core of this understanding. This presentation examines three psychological hypotheses that have been derived from Canadian multiculturalism policy: multiculturalism, contact, and integration. The main goal of the project is to evaluate these three hypotheses across 17 culturally
plural societies in order to identify some basic psychological principles that may underlie successful intercultural relations. The eventual goal is to employ the findings to propose some multiculturalism policies and programmes that may improve the quality of intercultural relationship globally. The empirical findings in these 17 societies generally support the validity of the three hypotheses. Implications for the development of policies and programmes to enhance the quality of intercultural relations are discussed.
John W. Berry’s bio:
John W. Berry (PhD. University of Edinburgh) is Professor Emeritus of Psychology at Queen’s University, Canada, and Research Professor, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia. He received Honorary Doctorates from the University of Athens, and Université de Geneve (in 2001). He has published over 30 books in the areas of cross-cultural, intercultural, social and cognitive psychology with various colleagues. These include Cross-Cultural Psychology: Research and Applications (3rd edition, Cambridge University Press, 2011); Handbook of Acculturation Psychology (2nd edition, Cambridge University Press, 2016); Families Across Cultures (Cambridge University Press, 2006), Immigrant Youth in Cultural Transition (LEA, 2006), Mutual Intercultural Relations (Cambridge, 2017) and Ecology, Culture and Human Development (Sage, 2017). He is a Fellow of the Canadian Psychological Association, the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study, the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology, and the International Academy for Intercultural Research. He received the Hebb Award for Contributions to Psychology as a Science in 1999, and the award for Contributions to the Advancement of International Psychology in 2012 (from CPA), the Interamerican Psychology Prize, from the Sociedad Interamericana de Psicologia (in 2001), and the Lifetime Contribution Award from IAIR (in 2005). His main research interests are in the role of ecology and culture in human development and in acculturation and intercultural relations, with an emphasis on applications to immigration, multiculturalism, educational and health policy.